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The mainstream approach of 7 glowing walls



The wall design occupies a large area in the indoor space, which also affects the overall tone of the space. Among the many wall design, the light -emitting wall can definitely be regarded as the best point of creating space highlights and improving the sense of space style and fashion!

So, today we will talk about the glowing wall from the following aspects:

1. What is the glowing wall? What are the characteristics?

2. Precautions before the design of the glowing wall

3. The mainstream decorative method of the glowing wall


What is the glowing wall? What are the characteristics?



1. Definition of glowing wall

Glowing walls, also known as light -shaped walls. The type we discuss is on the decorative material of the increasing light can open the hole. By inlaying light sources on the hole, or lining light sources, and then filling, inlaid, or backing light transmittance materials at the hole location, so as to realize the reality and darkness and darkness A combination of light and shadow effects.




2. The characteristics of the glowing wall

picture


A. Strong decorative

The denseness, size, and shape of holes in the light spots of glowing walls are diverse, which gives wall -like dynamic, texture, and aesthetics, which is very personal.




B. High safety

The light source of the luminous wall usually uses LED lights, its products are lightweight, the power consumption is low, and the low -voltage DC power supply is relatively safer whether it is exposed or lined.



C. Wide applicability

As a decorative wall shape of the indoor decorative wall, it can be used for office buildings, exhibition halls, art museums, libraries, art galleries, hotels, shopping malls, teaching buildings, clubs and other interior walls. The background wall is applied to home space and is widely used.



D. Not easy to maintain

Due to the relatively large application materials and complicated shapes, there are many inconveniences in maintenance, maintenance, and cleaning maintenance, so that the luminous wall surface is not easy to maintain, and it is usually maintained in the later maintenance port to maintain the post.


Precautions before the design of the glowing wall




Before the design of the glowing wall, we must first consider some details. How to repair it later? Can the materials be perforated? Does the material have fire resistance? Whether to reserve enough size, etc. ... This can reduce various problems that may occur during landing.



1. Later maintenance

How to do later maintenance is a problem that all projects need to be considered when deepening design, and the design node and structure of the design determine the difference in maintenance methods.


A. Facial material back lining glass method

If the method of lining glass with light transmittance is used, the maintenance method can be opened on the ceiling to open the cover and repair it through the ceiling.

B. Gentile practice

If the gusset is used, you can remove the gusset by the tool for maintenance.


The light -emitting wall mentioned in the text can be directly transmitted like transmitting cement, and stone, wooden boards, etc. may be used as noodle materials, because if you want to achieve the lighting effect, you need to be realized by opening the hole. At this time It is necessary to consider whether the materials used can be opened.

A. If you want to use real stone as a decorative material, it is recommended to replace the artificial stone: because natural stone is not easy to speak, it takes time and cost.



△ Artificial stone replace the real stone effect example

b. If you want to use gypsum board as a surface material, it is recommended to replace it with a magnesium or aluminum plate: because the hardness and toughness of the gypsum board are not enough, it is not advisable to open the hole.



△ Aluminum board replace gypsum board effect example

C. If the material used is similar to the silver mirror material, the surface is seamless: you need to negotiate with the manufacturer before making, and leave the required patterns in advance, so that the light can be displayed through the pattern.



△ Example of seamless effects

3. Fire problems

The most important point of pore -like light transmitting materials like light -emitting walls is to consider whether the materials used can reach the fire level.

At present, the fire prevention level of materials is relatively high. If the materials used in the ceiling in the workshop are non -A -level, problems may occur during fire acceptance.



△ Example of aluminum board decorative materials

In order to achieve this light transmittance effect, if a fireproof board is used, it is recommended to use aluminum plate as the noodle material of the hole, so that the effect and fire prevention can be guaranteed.

4. Size reserved

The light -emitting wall should not only consider the surface effect and ignore the construction of the construction. Because the lamp is required, there is a certain reservation space, so the completion of the surface size must be reserved according to the constructor and the selection of the lamp.




△ Example with the wall relationship

Under normal circumstances, according to the difference between the lamp and the glowing surface, it is recommended to complete the less than 100mm, and there will be no uneven lighting effect.


After confirming the problems such as post -maintenance, material use, fire prevention problems, and completion of the face, the deepening design of the luminous wall can be carried out.


At present, the mainstream methods of luminous walls are mainly divided into four types: using acrylic materials, direct lamps, use of environmental lighting, and using gel materials.



1. Use acrylic materials

A. Inner lining sub -graine material

The 80 % of the cavity glowing walls we see can be achieved through the form of lining sub -lining. Its structure is divided into 3 parts: walls, hidden light boxes, decorative layers (acrylic boards and adhesive outer surface) Essence


When using the inner lining method, in order to ensure the uniformity of the launch light, the depth of the light box must be greater than the distance between the two lamps. The larger the hole (C), the larger the diffusion light source, and the larger the depth of the required light box, the larger the depth of the required light box. Essence

If the distance of C in the figure is greater than 100mm, the distance of A should not be less than 100mm, otherwise the depth of the light box will cause uneven luminous surface like a soft film smallpox, that is: A> B, the larger the c, the larger the A.



The incision of the outer layer of the light box is cut into a certain slope, because if the material uses wood or thick materials, the vertical incision requirements are higher on the process, and the rough incision is not easy to close.



B. Outer bald quarrel material

When the light spots are not much, it can be done in the form of an acrylic bump, which is to embed the acrylic into the surface materials, but the cost of this approach is high, and the area of the holes is small and the shape of simple shape can only be round. Shaped or square.



△ Effect example

2. Direct lamp

In the case of small space and light transmittance, you can use the practice of direct lamps.

Its advantage is that it can compress the completion surface to the extreme. Generally, the depth of the light box is 80mm, and if the method of direct embedded lights is used, the depth can be achieved by 30mm, which greatly reduces the scale of the completion surface.



△ Example

Here, it is important to note that the effect of different lamps is different.



△ Effect example

3. Use the environment to glow for realization

For the glowing wall that deliberately pursue the completion of the face holes, it can be implemented in the form of environmental glowing. This method needs to pay attention to the reflection of the decorative material and the situation of the mapping beads.



△ Example


4. Use gel material to achieve

Like the light transmission effect in the figure, if you choose a white stone with white fish belly, you need to find the artificial fish belly white stone and perforated on the stone.

However, for the sake of smooth surface and consistent effects, it is necessary to fill it with gel materials in the holes. In this way, the touched surface layer is the whole plate effect, but the final rendering effect is still the star -light stone effect.



△ Example


However, this approach is only suitable for small holes, or using artificial stone or cloud -like. It is worth noting that the quality of gel materials will have a great impact on the effect of light transmission. Effect to choose the corresponding gel material.


5. Lighting material+opaque hollow sticker+wooden surface



A. The main principle of this method is that after the light is projected, the first layer of light transmittance material: similar to glass or acrylic, a material with a certain hardness and light transmittability, the light can penetrate well directly.


picture

B. The second layer is an opaque sticker. Make a hollow pattern of different effects on the stickers. The light can continue to pass through the hollow part.



C. The third layer is wooden jewelry, which can use ultra -thin wooden jewelry. The light through the second layer of hollowingout and projected on the third layer of wood jewelry is the effect of the hollow pattern on the surface of the surface layer. The effect of glowing.

D. The node diagram of this approach is shown below:

picture

5. Hollow grassroots plate+organic glass+wooden skin



A. The principle of the second method is that after the light is projected, the first layer of hollow grass layer board: similar to the density board or multi -layer board, only the hollow part of the light source can transparent.




B. The second layer is light -transmitting glass. As a material with strong light transmission characteristics, the light source after hollow can be well through the glass layer



C. The third layer is wooden skin. The wooden skin is suppressed on the organic glass in advance. The hollow light passes through the glass and casts it on the wooden skin. The hollow part will show light transmission effect on the surface of the wooden skin.




D. The corresponding node is shown in the figure below:


7. Light+hollow grass layer plate+wooden surface




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